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Title: 2. K. Y. Mudi, A. S. Abdulkareem, O. S. Azeez, A. S. Kovo., J. O. Tijani and E. J. Etergho (2019). Optimization of bi metallic (Fe-Co) Catalyst on Kaolin Support for Carbon nanofiber growth in a CVD Reactor. Carbon Letters. 2233 – 4998. Korean Carbon Society. Springer. ISSN 2233 – 4998 (ONLINE) ISSN 1976-4251(PRINT)
Authors: Mudi, K. Y.
Abdulkareem, A. S.
Azeez, O. S.
Kovo, A. S.
Tijani, J. O.
Eterigho, E. J.
Keywords: Bi-metallic catalyst · Carbon nanofber · Optimization · Characterization · Chemical vapour deposition
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Carbon Letters, Korean Carbon Society. Springer.
Abstract: This study focused on the development of Fe–Co/kaolin catalyst by a wet impregnation method. Response surface methodology was used to study the infuence of operating variables such as drying temperature, drying time, mass of support and stirring speed on the yield of the catalyst. The catalyst composite at best synthesis conditions was then calcined in an oven at varied temperature and time using 22 factorial design of experiment. The catalyst with optimum surface area was then utilized to grow carbon nanofber (CNF) in a chemical vapour deposition (CVD) reactor. Both the catalyst and CNF were characterized using high-resolution scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray difraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. On the infuence of operating variables on the yield of catalyst, the results showed that an optimum yield of 96.51% catalyst was obtained at the following operating conditions: drying time (10 h), drying temperature (110 °C), stirring speed (100 rpm) and mass of support (9 g). Statistical analysis revealed the existence of signifcant interactive efects of the variables on the yield of the catalyst. The HRSEM/XRD/BET/TGA analysis revealed that the particles are well dispersed on the support, with high surface area (376.5 m2 /g) and thermally stable (330.88 °C). The infuence of operating parameters on the yield of CNF was also investigated and the results revealed an optimum yield of 348% CNF at the following operating conditions: reaction temperature (600 °C), reaction time (40 min), argon fow rate (1416 mL/min) and acetylene/hydrogen fow rate (1416 mL/ min). It was found from statistical analysis that the reaction temperature and acetylene/hydrogen fow rates exerted signifcant efect on the CNF yield than the other factors. The contour and surface plots bi-factor interaction indicated functional relationship between the response and the experimental factors. The characterization results showed that the synthesized CNF is thermally stable, twisted and highly crystalline and contain surface functional groups. It can be inferred from the results of various analyses that the developed catalyst is suitable for CNF growth in a CVD reactor.
Description: International Journal
ISSN: ISSN 2233 – 4998
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering

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