Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Cashew nutshell liquid extract as antioxidant for gasoline stabilization
Authors: Adeniyi, O.D.
Adeniyi, M.I.
Kovo, A.S.
Akpan, U.G.
Garba, M.U.
Keywords: cashew nutshell liquid
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Biofuels
Abstract: Investigations have been carried out converting hydrogenated cardanol, a compound extracted from cashew nutshell liquid, into compounds with structural characteristics of antioxidants similar to the ones used in product derived from petroleum. Thin-layer chromatography (TLC) analysis of the raw oil indicated that the major components were cardanol (66.7%), cardol (23.8%) and 2-methyl cardol (9.5%). The intended changes were carried out through exhaustive alkylation with nbutyl chloride. FTIR analysis confirms the formation of phenolic acid 2-n-butyl properties of the antioxidant produced. The performance of the product was estimated in terms of oxidative stabilization during storage of cracked naphtha. The compound 2-n-butyl pentadecylphenol (new antioxidant) has presented good efficiency in the storage assays when compared to the commercial additives used in the refinery.
ISSN: 1759-7269
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
2015 Antioxidant.pdf410.16 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.