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Title: Determination of the Suitability of Urine as Substrate in a Power Generating Soil Microbial Fuel Cell
Authors: Simeon, Meshack Imologie
Raji, O.A.
Musa, J. J.
Kuti, I. A
Keywords: Microorganisms
Issue Date: 18-Aug-2016
Publisher: FUTAJEET
Citation: Simeon M. I, Raji O. A, Musa J. J, Kuti I. A. Determination of the Suitability of Urine as Substrate in a Power Generating Soil Microbial Fuel Cell. In: Proceedings of the 2016 Annual Conference of the School of Engineering & Engineering Technology, Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria, 16-18 August, 2016
Abstract: Urine has been identified as a suitable substrate in Microbial Fuel Cells (MFC). However, its possible utilization in a soil-based Membrane-less Single Chamber Microbial Fuel Cell (MSCMFC) has, hitherto, not been reported. This study used the mud-watt MFC vessel inoculated with mud prepared from topsoil and was operated across seven external loads for 19 days (456 hours) without adding any substrate to the soil. Urine was fed into the cell in four duration time, after the MFC output stabilized. For comparison, a fresh set up (control MFC) was made and operated under the same condition of temperature (27+3°C), but without the addition of urine. The performances of the MFCs were examined over seven external loads of resistances 4670 , 2190 , 1000 , 470 , 220 , 100 , and 47 . The Urine treated MFC and the control MFC both produced initial peak power output of 5.62μW. Both MFCs produced close values of power outputs up to the point of adding urine. At the final stage, the peak power output of the MFC treated with urine was 246.77μW; whereas the corresponding values for the control MFC were 0.007μW. This study showed that fresh (untreated) human urine can be successfully utilized as a fuel in a soil-based MFC for the production of electrical energy for varied external loads.
Appears in Collections:Agric. and Bioresources Engineering

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