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Title: Characterisation of Meteorological Drought in Northern Nigeria Using Comparative Rainfall-Based Drought Metrics
Authors: Jimoh, Onemayin David
Otache, Yusuf Martins
Adesiji, Adeolu Richard
Olaleye, Rotimi Saka
Agajo, James
Keywords: Characterisation
Issue Date: 28-Feb-2023
Publisher: Journal of Water Resources and Protection
Citation: Jimoh, O. D., Otache, M. Y., Adesiji, A. R., Olaleye, R. S., & Agajo, J. (2023). Characterisation of Meteorological Drought in Northern Nigeria Using Comparative Rainfall-Based Drought Metrics. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 15(2), 51-70.
Abstract: Meteorological droughts occur when there is deficiency in rainfall; i.e. rainfall availability is below some acclaimed normal values. Hence, the greater challenge is to be able to obtain suitable methods for assessing drought occurrence, its onset or initiation and termination. Thus, an attempt was made in this paper to evaluate the performance of Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI) and Standardised Precipitation Anomaly Index (SPAI) to characterise drought in Northern Nigeria for purposes of comparison and eventual adop tion of probable candidate index for the development of an Early Warning System. The findings indicated that despite the fact that the annual timescale may be long, it can be employed to obtain information on the temporal evo lution of drought especially, regional behaviour. However, monthly timescale can be more appropriate if emphasis is on evaluating the effects of drought in situations relating to water supply, agriculture and groundwater abstractions. The SPAI can be employed for periodic rainfall time series though; it accentuates drought signatures and may not necessarily dampen high fluctuations due to implications of high climatic variability considering the stochastic na ture and state transition of drought phenomena. On the other hand, the temporal evolution of SPI and SPAI were not coherent at different temporal accumulations with differences in fluctuations. However, despite the differences between the SPI and SPAI, generally at some timescales, for instance, 6-month accumulation, both spatial and temporal distributions of drought characteristics were seemingly consistent. In view of the observed shortcomings of both indices, especially the SPI, the Standardised Nonstationary Precipitation Index (SnsPI) should be looked into and too, other indexes thtake into consideration the implications of global warming by incorporating potential evapotranspiration may be deemed more suitable for drought studies in Northern Nigeria
ISSN: 1945-3108
Appears in Collections:Civil Engineering

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