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Title: Biofuel Technology and its sustainable Development in Nigeria
Authors: Adebayo, Segun Emmanuel
Ewemoje, O. E
Keywords: biofuel
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: This articles reviews establishment of a thriving Biofuel industry utilizing agricultural products as a means of improving the quality of automotive fossil-based fuels in Nigeria. The paper further highlights the current status of the use and possible application of Biofuel in Nigeria through the introduction of jatropha plant for biodiesel production. Rapid research and development investments flowing into jatropha cultivation, processing and conversion into biodiesel through the adoption of modern techniques which could lead to biomass increase and food yields was also discussed. Primary issues favouring jatropha over other crops which are non food nature, reported ability to grow on marginal lands and the special ability to grow with limited rainfall was reported. The drivers behind the rush to biofuels production and its sustainability were also enumerated in the paper. Detailed explanations of the potential benefits of biofuel was given in relation to improved energy security, economic gains, rural development, greater energy efficiency, reduced Green House Gases (GHG) emissions compared to statndard fuels, the expansion of the agricultural frontier and deforestation to mention a few, negative impacts of bio-fuels in terms of food security, higher economic costs compared to conventional fuels as a result of large scale development of biofuel technology, spread of genetically modified organism resulting in contamination of local crop varieties with its attendant destruction of biodiversity. The study concludes by pointing out that biofuels could help mitigate climate change and reduce dependence on oil. Furthermore, the exploitable bio-energy potential of the Sub-Saharan African region is reported to be significant despite concerns over food security and land ownership in crop production. Finally, biofuels production represents an opportunity for the African region to increase energy security and to give a boost to rural economies by opening markets for agricultural surpluses, creating jobs and reducing carbon emissions. But on the negative note, the recent increases in food prices have been attributed worldwide to increases in biofuel production as farmers have switched to crops for biofuel, which have threatened food security in the region and worldwide generally.
Appears in Collections:Agric. and Bioresources Engineering

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