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Title: Adeniyi O.D., Adeniyi M.I, Kovo A.S., Akpan U.G., Garba M. U. and Nafiu J. O. (2015), Cashew-Nut Shell Liquid Extract as Anti-Oxidant for Gasoline Stabilization, Biofuels, Taylor & Francis Group LLC, London, U.K, 6(5-6): 291-294, , DOI:10.1080/17597269.2015.1100040,
Authors: Adeniyi, O.D.
Adeniyi, M.I.
Kovo, A.S.
Akpan, U.G.
Garba, M.U.
Nafiu, J.O.
Keywords: cashew nutshell liquid; antioxidant; gasoline; stabilization
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Biofuels, Taylor & Francis Group LLC, London, U.K,
Series/Report no.: 6(5-6): 291-294;6(5-6): 291-294
Abstract: Investigations have been carried out converting hydrogenated cardanol, a compound extracted from cashew nutshell liquid, into compounds with structural characteristics of antioxidants similar to the ones used in product derived from petroleum. Thin-layer chromatography (TLC) analysis of the raw oil indicated that the major components were cardanol (66.7%), cardol (23.8%) and 2-methyl cardol (9.5%). The intended changes were carried out through exhaustive alkylation with nbutyl chloride. FTIR analysis confirms the formation of phenolic acid 2-n-butyl properties of the antioxidant produced. The performance of the product was estimated in terms of oxidative stabilization during storage of cracked naphtha. The compound 2-n-butyl pentadecylphenol (new antioxidant) has presented good efficiency in the storage assays when compared to the commercial additives used in the refinery.
Appears in Collections:Chemical Engineering

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